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葡萄酒要怎么存储?

文章来源:admin 时间:2018年11月29日

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你是否试过,当你兴致勃勃地打开一瓶存放已久的葡萄酒时发现它已经不在状态?很多人时间是质疑葡萄酒的品质,实际上,这可能是储存不当造成的。那么,我们要怎么避免这样的问题呢?你只需要记住以下几个要点!

葡萄酒要怎么存储?


1. 保持恒温:10-15℃


高温是葡萄酒的头号“敌人”。当葡萄酒被置于21℃的环境中持续一段时间就会遭受不可修复的损害。若是超过26℃,葡萄酒还会出现马德拉化(Maderization)的现象,也就是热化,它会使葡萄酒出现煮熟的水果和坚果等味道。因此,你在储存葡萄酒时需要保持凉爽的温度,理想的储存温度介于10℃至15℃之间。此外,尽量避免温度发生剧烈或者频繁的变化,否则也会对酒质产生不可挽救的影响。


2. 保持恒湿:50%至75%


如果葡萄酒的储存环境很干燥,这很容易导致软木塞萎缩,让氧气有机会通过缝隙进入瓶中,导致葡萄酒被氧化。通常来说,50%至75%是比较理想的湿度,这样可以让软木塞保持湿润。同样,储存环境的湿度也不宜发生大幅或者频繁波动。


3. 暗避光


光线也是葡萄酒的一大天敌。无论是自然光还是灯光,都会加速葡萄酒的氧化。这也是葡萄酒采用深色瓶子包装的原因。所以,储存葡萄酒的时候一定要将其放在暗、避光的地方。如果是特别昂贵的名酒,建议大家可以购买专业的防紫外线储藏柜。


4. 水平放置


使用软木塞封瓶的葡萄酒需要水平放置,这样可以保持酒液与软木塞始终进行接触,防止软木塞过于干燥,让氧气有机可乘。


5. 避免摇晃震动


贮藏过程中,频繁的摇晃或者震动会加快葡萄酒中的各种化学物质发生反应,还会搅浑沉淀物质,因而损坏酒质,使得口感变得粗糙。


这些地方是理想的储存位置吗?


相信很多人都习惯把葡萄酒放在冰箱和厨房,实际上,这些地方都不是理想的储存场所。冰箱的温度和湿度都偏低,不符合葡萄酒的储存条件。此外,冰箱里有各种各样的食品,若长时间与这些东西放在一起,难免会“污染”葡萄酒本身的香气。


而厨房和阁楼温度和湿度变化大,且经常会有光线直射,长时间暴露在这种环境之中,葡萄酒很容易变质。


葡萄酒一定要有专业的酒窖吗?


毫无疑问,酒窖是理想的储存场合。但在预算有限的情况下,你不妨考虑购入专用酒柜。它的成本相对低,且不会占据过多的空间。一些的酒柜不仅能够设置恒定的温度和湿度,还可以实现智能化控制,用户可以通过智能手机或者电脑,随时了解酒柜的温度和湿度,查看葡萄酒的数量和资料,非常实用。

Have you ever tried to open a bottle of wine that has been stored for a long time with enthusiasm and found it out of condition? Many people question the quality of wine for a long time. In fact, this may be due to improper storage. So how can we avoid such problems? You just need to remember the following points!




1. Keep constant temperature: 10-15 C




High temperature is the number one enemy of wine. When wine is exposed to 21 degrees Celsius for a period of time, it will suffer irreparable damage. If the temperature is above 26 C, the wine will also appear Maderization, that is, heating, which will make the wine appear boiled fruit and nuts and other flavors. Therefore, you need to keep a cool temperature when storing wine. The ideal storage temperature is between 10 and 15 degrees Celsius. In addition, try to avoid drastic or frequent changes in temperature, otherwise it will have an irreversible impact on liquor quality.




2. Keep constant humidity: 50% to 75%.




If the wine is stored in a dry environment, it can easily lead to cork shrinkage, allowing oxygen to enter the bottle through cracks, leading to wine oxidation. Generally speaking, 50% to 75% is the ideal humidity to keep corks moist. Similarly, the humidity of storage environment should not fluctuate significantly or frequently.




3. avoid darkness.




Light is also a natural enemy of wine. Natural light or light accelerates the oxidation of wine. This is why wine is packed in dark bottles. Therefore, wine must be stored in dark and dark places. If it is a very expensive famous wine, we suggest that you can buy professional anti-ultraviolet storage cabinets.




4. horizontal placement




Wine sealed with corks needs to be placed horizontally so that liquor can keep in contact with corks all the time, so as to prevent corks from drying too much and allow oxygen to be multiplied organically.




5. Avoid shaking




Frequent shaking or shaking during storage can accelerate the reaction of various chemicals in wine and stir up sediments, thus damaging the quality of wine and making the taste rough.




Are these ideal storage locations?




I believe many people are accustomed to putting wine in refrigerators and kitchens. In fact, these places are not ideal storage places. The temperature and humidity of the refrigerator are on the low side, which do not meet the storage conditions of wine. In addition, there are all kinds of food in the refrigerator, if put together with these things for a long time, it will inevitably "pollute" the aroma of the wine itself.




The temperature and humidity of kitchen and attic vary greatly, and often there will be direct light. Exposure to this environment for a long time can easily deteriorate wine.




Does wine have to have a professional cellar?




There is no doubt that cellars are ideal storage places. But in the case of limited budget, you might as well consider purchasing special cabinets. Its cost is relatively low and does not occupy too much space. Some wine cabinets can not only set constant temperature and humidity, but also realize intelligent control. Users can know the temperature and humidity of wine cabinets at any time through smart phones or computers, and view the quantity and information of wine, which is very practical.


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