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西班牙葡萄酒考卷你能考多少分?

文章来源:admin 时间:2018年11月29日

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西班牙是世界上葡萄种植面积大的,也是世界第三大葡萄酒出口国。其文化底蕴深厚,葡萄酒也多姿多彩。关于西班牙,你了解多少呢?一起通过本文小测来检验一下吧。


西班牙葡萄酒知多少?


1. 西班牙特拉阿尔塔(Terra Alta DO)产区重要的白葡萄品种为?


A. 白歌海娜(Grenache Blanc)


B. 白丹魄(Tempranillo Blanco)


C. 霞多丽(Chardonnay)


D. 阿尔巴利诺(Albarino)


2. 西班牙卢埃达(Rueda)产区的葡萄酒带有什么典型的风味特征?


A. 核果、香草及黄油


B. 生姜、香蕉及甜瓜


C. 柑橘类水果及甜瓜


D. 覆盆子、草莓及肉桂


3. 杜埃罗河岸(Ribera del Duero)的气候有什么特征?


A. 冬季寒冷,夏季凉爽漫长


B. 夏季漫长温暖,冬季温和


C. 夏季短暂而炎热,冬季寒冷


D. 高海拔以及山脉的环绕使得这里的葡萄园一年可以丰收2次


4. 阿蒙提拉多雪莉酒(Amontillado Sherry)的酿造会经过以下哪个熟化阶段?


A. 氧化型熟化(Oxidative Ageing)


B. 生物型熟化(Biological Ageing)


C. 氧化型熟化和生物型熟化


D. 索莱拉(Solera)


5. 力克瑞拉(Llicorella)是指什么?


A. 加利西亚(Galicia)的一种本土品种


B. 普里奥拉托(Priorat)产区的红板岩土壤


C. 瓦伦西亚(Valencia)附近的一个小产区


D. 拉曼恰(La Mancha)产区一种独特的土壤类型


6. 在卡瓦(Cava)的酿造中,马家婆(Macabeu)为葡萄酒带来什么?


A. 深邃的色泽


B. 单宁


C. 结构


D. 清新的果味

西班牙葡萄酒考卷你能考多少分?

7. 西班牙酒标上标注的“Cosecha”是什么意思?


A. 葡萄采摘年份


B. 葡萄酒在橡木桶中陈酿的时间


C. 葡萄酒为近乎干型


D. 葡萄酒为混酿


8. 里奥哈(Rioja)种植的主要白葡萄品种为?


A. 灰皮诺(Pinot Grigio)


B. 雷司令(Riesling)


C. 阿尔巴利诺


D. 维奥娜(Viura)


9. 以下哪个红葡萄品种不是里奥哈产区的法定品种?


A. 歌海娜(Grenache)


B. 马士罗(Mazuelo)


C. 门西亚(Mencia)


D. 红马图拉纳(Maturana Tinta)


10. 珍藏里奥哈(Reserva Rioja)对陈年时间有何要求?


A. 桶陈2年,瓶陈1年


B. 桶陈1年,瓶陈2年


C. 桶陈2年,瓶陈3年


D. 桶陈2年,瓶陈2年


参考答案


1. A(白歌海娜)


特拉阿尔塔产区种植着西班牙近三分之一的白歌海娜,此品种已经成为特拉阿尔塔的产区名片,其成酒口感复杂,但又能保持清新纯净的风格。


2. C(柑橘类水果及甜瓜)


卢埃达产区主要种植白葡萄品种,其中约85%为弗德乔(Verdejo)。这个芳香型白葡萄品种酿成的葡萄酒香气馥郁,口感柔软,风味丰富,明快的柑橘、甜瓜风味与清新的酸度平衡得恰到好处。


3. C(夏季短暂而炎热,冬季寒冷)


杜埃罗河岸位于西班牙中部高原地区,属于性气候,冬季寒冷,夏季炎热。产区夏季较为干燥,昼夜温差大,有利于葡萄的成熟及糖分积累。


4. C(氧化型熟化和生物型熟化)


阿蒙提拉多的酿造会经过一段时间的生物型熟化后再进行氧化型熟化。


5. B(普里奥拉托产区的红板岩土壤)


普里奥拉托中部地区因火山爆形成了红黑相间的带状石英岩和板岩土壤,使峡谷两侧的山坡呈现出奇特的虎皮状外观,当地人将这片肥沃的土地称为“Llicorella”。


6. D(清新的果味)


卡瓦主要由沙雷洛(Xarel-Lo)、马家婆和帕雷亚达(Parellada)等品种酿造,其中马家婆常带有浓郁而清新的果味以及活泼的酸度。


7. A(葡萄采摘年份)


8. D(维奥娜)


维奥娜是里奥哈产区用于酿造白葡萄酒的品种,其酿成的葡萄酒清新易饮,带有草本的芳香。


9. C(门西亚)


根据里奥哈产区的土壤和气候特点,当地的葡萄种植者和酿酒师们总结出了一些适合在里奥哈种植的葡萄品种。目前,里奥哈产区的法定种植的红葡萄品种分别包括丹魄(Tempranillo)、歌海娜、 格拉西亚诺(Graciano)、马士罗和红马图拉纳。


10. B(桶陈1年,瓶陈2年)


珍藏里奥哈葡萄酒必须至少在橡木桶中陈放一年,并在瓶中陈放两年,这样酿造出的葡萄酒香气更为复杂,口感更加圆润。

Spain is the world's largest grape growing area, and the world's third largest wine exporter. Its culture is profound and its wine is colorful. What do you know about Spain? Let's test it by this quiz.




How much do you know about Spanish wine?




1. What are the important white grape varieties in Terra Alta DO, Spain?




A. Grenache Blanc




B. Tempranillo Blanco




C. Chardonnay




D. Albarino




2. What are the typical flavor characteristics of wines from Rueda, Spain?




A. Nuts, vanilla and butter




B. Ginger, bananas and melons




C. Citrus fruits and melons




D. raspberries, strawberries and cinnamon




3. What are the climatic characteristics of Ribera del Duero?




A. Winter is cold, summer is cool and long.




B. Summer is long and warm, winter is mild.




C. Summer is short and hot, winter is cold.




D. The high altitude and the surrounding mountains allow the vineyards to harvest twice a year.




4. Which of the following ripening stages will the production of Amontillado Sherry go through?




A. Oxidative Ageing




B. Biological Ageing




C. Oxidative and biological maturation




D. Solera




5. What does Llicorella mean?




A. A native variety of Galicia




Red slate soils in the B. Priorat production area




A small production area near Valencia




A Unique Soil Type in D. La Mancha Production Area




6. What does Macabeu bring to wine in the production of Cava?




A. deep color and luster




B. tannin




C. structure




D. fresh fruit flavor




7. What does the Spanish label "Cosecha" mean?




A. Grape harvesting year




B. Time of wine aging in oak barrels




C. Wine is nearly dry.




D. Wine is mixed brewing




8. What are the main white grape varieties grown in Rioja?




A. Pinot Grigio




B. Riesling




C. al Ba Li no




D. Viura




9. Which of the following red grape varieties is not a legal variety in Rioja?




A. Grenache




B. Mazuelo




C. Mencia




D. Maturana Tinta




10. What are the requirements of Reserva Rioja for aging?




A. Barrel ageing for 2 years, bottle ageing for 1 year




B. Barrel ageing for one year, bottle ageing for two years




C. Barrel ageing for 2 years, bottle ageing for 3 years




D. Two years old in barrels and two years old in bottles




Reference answer




1.A (Baige Haina)




Almost a third of Spain's Baige Haina is grown in the Terra Alta region. This variety has become the name card of the Terra Alta region. The wine tastes complex, but it can maintain a fresh and pure style.




2.C (Citrus fruits and melons)




White grape varieties are mainly grown in the Lueda region, of which about 85% are Verdejo. The wine from this aromatic white grape variety has a rich aroma, soft taste and rich flavor. The lively citrus and melon flavors are well balanced with the fresh acidity.




3.C. (Summer is short and hot, winter is cold)




Duero River bank is located in the central plateau of Spain, which belongs to the sexual climate. It is cold in winter and hot in summer. The production area is dry in summer and the temperature difference between day and night is large, which is conducive to the ripening of grapes and sugar accumulation.




4.C (oxidative and biological maturation)




The fermentation of Amontillado will undergo a period of biological ripening followed by oxidative ripening.




5.B (Red Slate Soil in Priolato Region)




The red-black banded quartzite and slate soils formed by volcanic explosions in the central region of Priorato give the slopes on both sides of the canyon a peculiar tiger-skin appearance. Locals call this fertile land "Llicorella".




6.D (Fresh Fruit Flavor)




Cava is mainly brewed from Xarel-Lo, Majiapo and Parellada, among which Majiapo often has a strong and fresh fruit flavor and lively acidity.




7.A (vintage year)




8. D (Viola)




Viona is a white wine brewed in Rioja region. The wine is fresh and easy to drink, with herbal aroma.




9. C (door West)




According to the soil and climate characteristics of the Rioja region, local grape growers and winemakers have summed up some grape varieties suitable for growing in Rioja. Currently, the statutory red grape varieties in Rioja include Tempranillo, Gohana, Graciano, Marcelo and Red Matura.




10.B (barrel aged for 1 year, bottle aged for 2 years)




The collection of Rioja wines must be kept in oak barrels for at least one year and in bottles for two years, which makes the wine more complex in aroma and rounder in taste.


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